In just a day, the hurricane dropped nearly a month's worth of rainfall at some important locations: Pointe-à-Pitre recorded a 24-hour total of 7.5 inches (191 mm), while the capital of Basse-Terre measured 6.4 in (163 mm). U.S territory • Puerto Rico • Death toll controversy At its peak, Irma was a category five storm with winds topping 295km/h (185mph). Inadequate safety mechanisms also plagued Puerto Rico's electric company, and local newspapers frequently reported on its poor maintenance and outdated control systems. Maria is the deadliest hurricane in Dominica since the 1834 Padre Ruíz hurricane[4] and the deadliest in Puerto Rico since the 1899 San Ciriaco hurricane. L'ouragan Eta dévaste la côte caraïbe du Nicaragua. [61] Water service was cut to 50,000 customers, especially in the communes of Le Morne-Rouge and Gros-Morne. PREPA Executive Director Ricardo Ramos stated: "Whitefish was the only company—it was the first that could be mobilized to Puerto Rico. Light rainfall in the weeks following Maria alleviated this problem, although it also slowed recovery efforts, particularly rebuilding damaged rooftops. third-costliest tropical cyclone on record, Meteorological history of Hurricane Maria, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Effects of Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, Before and After María Northeast Puerto Rico Satellite Image, Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Whitefish Energy § Hurricane Maria controversy, PREPA, Puerto Rico's state-run power company, List of disasters in the United States by death toll, "Puerto Rico issues new data on Hurricane Maria deaths", "Puerto Rican Government Acknowledges Hurricane Death Toll of 1,427", "Hurricane Maria caused an estimated 2,975 deaths in Puerto Rico, new study finds", "Puerto Rican Government Admits Hurricane Maria Death Toll Was at Least 1,400", "Ascertainment of the Estimated Excess Mortality from Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "As Hurricane Maria slowly pulls away from Puerto Rico, the U.S. East Coast awaits its next move", Post-Tropical Cyclone Maria Discussion Number 59, "Potential Tropical Cyclone Fifteen Advisory Number 1", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Tropical Depression Fifteen Intermediate Advisory Number 1A", "Hurricane Jose lurks off the East Coast, Tropical Storm Maria threatens the Caribbean", "Hurricane Maria in the Dominican Republic", "Puerto Rico's electric company was already $9 billion in debt before hurricanes hit", "Puerto Rico's water woes raise fears of health crisis six weeks after Hurricane Maria", "Maria Latest Threat to Puerto Rico After $1 Billion Irma Hit", "2017 Hurricane Season FEMA After-Action Report", "Hurricane Maria upgraded to 'extremely dangerous' Category 4, islands including Puerto Rico brace for impact", "Puerto Rico Braces for 'Potentially Catastrophic' Hit by Hurricane Maria", "Cellphone data reveals Hurricane Maria's impact on travel in Puerto Rico", "Downgraded but still dangerous: Maria brings wind, flooding to OBX; hundreds evacuated", "Maria climbs back to hurricane status, brings wind, flood threat to OBX", Post-Disaster Needs Assessment Hurricane Maria September 18, 2017, "Cinco muertos, el resultado del huracán María en RD", "República Dominicana estima reparar daños del huracán María costará US$63 millones", "L'ouragan Maria a fait quatre morts en Guadeloupe, selon un dernier bilan", "Ouragan Maria, provisoirement 3 morts en Haïti", "Ouragan Maria : l'Etat va indemniser les agriculteurs de Guadeloupe et de Martinique", Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Table of Events, "La cifra de personas desaparecidas tras María baja a 60", "Five hurricane-related deaths confirmed", "Federal disaster relief begins on St. Croix", "3 Drown Off Jersey Shore, Dozens Rescued Despite 'No Swimming' Warning", "Man, 49, drowns in rough surf in Fernandina Beach, police say", "Flooding still possible, met office warns", "Tropical Storm Warning discontinued for St Lucia; no "All Clear" given", "Acting PM concerned about hurricane 'fake news, "LUCELEC: Hurricane Maria electricity system update #1", The flood warning for Barbados has been extended until 6:00 A.M tomorrow Tuesday 19th September, 2017, "Ouragan Maria, en direct : Saint-Martin et Saint-Barthélemy en vigilance violette", Hurricane Maria Special Advisory Number 11, "Ouragan Maria : à quoi correspondent les pluies déjà tombées", "En direct - Ouragan Maria : un mort et deux disparus en Guadeloupe, un blessé grave en Martinique", "Ouragan Maria : point de situation - 20 sept. 7h", "Hurricane Maria Does 'Mind Boggling' Damage to Dominica, Leader Says", "Maria : un voilier échoué à Fond Lahaye", "Les bananiers de Guadeloupe et de Martinique mis à terre par l'ouragan Maria", "Center of Hurricane Maria to move across Dominica tonight", "Hurricane Maria Damages Dominica's Main Hospital, Leaves 'War Zone' Conditions", "Hurricane Maria, Now Category 5, Blows Away Roof Of Dominica PM's House", "Concerns over Dominica communication blackout", "Radio Amateur on St. Lucia relays reports of hurricane devastation on Dominica", "Hurricane Maria makes landfall on Puerto Rico – live updates", "Hurricane Maria turns Dominica into 'giant debris field, Hurricane Maria: Dominica – Situation Report No. This is an event without precedent. And these are great people, and we have to help them. La commune du Marigot a enregistré 170 mm de pluie sur une période de 24 heures[69]. "[185] In response to a request for clarification on the tweet from Governor Rosselló, John F. Kelly assured that no resources were being pulled and replied: "Our country will stand with those American citizens in Puerto Rico until the job is done". The death toll in the Caribbean hit 37 after the first death on Haiti was confirmed. [5] The death toll in Puerto Rico was initially reported as 64 by Puerto Rican authorities but revised after several studies estimated between 1,400 and 5,740 deaths were attributable to the storm. [219] Official statistics showed increases of about 20% and 27% in overall fatalities in Puerto Rico during September 2017, compared to 2016 and 2015, followed by a decrease of about 10% in October 2017 compared to the previous two Octobers. [117], Torrential rains and strong winds impacted the Dominican Republic as Maria tracked northeast of the country. Hurricane Inez was a powerful major hurricane that affected the Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida, and Mexico in 1966. [137], One month after the hurricane, 88% of the island was without power (about 3 million people), 29% lacked tap water (about 1 million people), and 40% of the island had no cell service. Après un creusement rapide, à 15 heures UTC le 18 septembre, Maria devient un ouragan de catégorie 3, soit un ouragan majeur, avec des vents de 195 km/h et une pression centrale de 959 hPa[6]. Hurricane Irma & Maria. Les maisons à Terre-de-Haut furent inondés ou ont perdu leurs toits et furent inondées, comme certaines à Marie-Galante[79]. L'ouragan Matthew déferle sur Haïti et les Caraïbes. [180], On October 9, 2017, the United States Postal Service stated that 99 of its 128 offices were delivering packages and mail to residents, albeit some were working out of tents[181] and their offices had no power for one week after the hurricane. Quatre-vingt-quinze pour cent du réseau sans fil fut touché dont la totalité dans 48 des 78 comtés de l'île[94]. [86] The islands of Marie-Galante, La Désirade and especially Les Saintes bore the brunt of the winds, which caused heavy damage to structures and nature alike and cut the islands off from their surroundings for several days. Ce dernier a dû être rescapé lorsque sa maison fut inondée[58]. En même temps, il y avait 13 navires de la Garde côtière des États-Unis déployés autour de Porto Rico et des îles Vierges pour participer aux efforts[122]. [241][242][243] The Jones Act was waived for a period of ten days starting on September 28 following a formal request by Puerto Rico Governor Rosselló. L'état d'urgence a été déclaré pour les comtés de Dare et Hyde, tandis que les visiteurs ont été invités à évacuer les Outer Banks[29]. It did not ask us to be paid soon or a guarantee to pay". Ce nombre s'ajoutant aux migrants qui chaque année font ce trajet à cause des difficultés financières de l'île[137]. Après avoir quitté Porto Rico, Maria est passé au nord de la côte d'Hispaniola, affectant surtout la République dominicaine mais également la partie nord d'Haïti. Interaction with land further weakened the hurricane, though it regained some strength as it moved northeast of the Bahamas. De plus, l'infrastructure vieillissante à travers l'île rendait le réseau électrique très vulnérable aux tempêtes tropicales, l'âge médian des centrales de la PREPA étant de 44 ans, et décrite dans les journaux locaux comme mal entretenues[92]. Puerto Rico's electric grid has suffered in the months since Hurricane Maria struck the island. Des quantités massives d'eau, de nourriture et de carburant furent ainsi livrées aux ports de Porto Rico ou sont détenues dans les ports du continent américain, mais un manque de camionneurs ne permettait pas de les livrer aux sinistrées. [183] On October 13, both CNN and The Guardian reported that Puerto Ricans were drinking water that was being pumped from a well at an EPA Superfund site;[184][185] the water was later determined to be safe to drink. [191], Politico compared the federal response to Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico to that for Hurricane Harvey, which had hit the greater Houston area of Texas a month earlier. OK, so we have some food and water—but how long for? According to Phil Klotzbach, research scientist at Colorado State University's Department of … [58] In the seaside commune of Le Carbet, rough seas washed ashore large rocks and demolished some coastal structures,[58][63] while some boats were blown over along the bay of the commune of Schœlcher. [citation needed], Through the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility, Dominica received approximately US$19.2 million in emergency funds. [35], Blustery conditions spread over Guadeloupe as Maria tracked to the south of the archipelago, which endured hours of unabating hurricane-force winds. Plus de 2 000 personnes furent secourues quand les militaires purent atteindre la ville 24 heures après l'ouragan. Communications were largely lost across the island. En novembre 2017, un rapport paru à CNN donna un nouvel estimé du nombre de décès causé par Maria à Porto Rico. Sur l'île principale de la Guadeloupe, des sections de Pointe-à-Pitre se retrouvèrent sous plus d'un mètre d'eau et l'hôpital de la ville subit des dégâts considérables[33]. Frustré par la « réponse lente et insuffisante du gouvernement fédéral », le groupe de secours Oxfam a annoncé le 2 octobre qu'il prévoyait s'impliquer dans l'effort d'aide humanitaire, en envoyant une équipe pour évaluer une réponse ciblée et efficace et soutenir les efforts sur le terrain de ses partenaires locaux[146]. L'onde de tempête sur la côte et la montée des eaux provenant de l'ouverture des vannes du barrage du lac La Plata convergèrent vers la ville de Toa Baja, piégeant des milliers de résidents. [201] Excluding those affected by the second blackout, more than 200,000 people remained without power following Maria, on March 2, 2018. Eleven cargo vessels collectively carrying 1.3 million liters of water, 23,000 cots, and dozens of generators arrived. Les pluies entraînèrent une surcharge des barrages dont celui de Guajataca, affecté par des problèmes structuraux liés à une forte érosion, forçant des dizaines de milliers de personnes à évacuer en aval[98]. Toujours à la catégorie 3, il donna des vents soutenus de 250 km/h, une onde de tempête de 4 mètres et des pluies diluviennes dans le secteur[21]. Les autorités haïtiennes, qui se préparent au passage de l’ouragan Maria au large de la côte nord du pays, ont elles aussi soulevé la question de la responsabilité du changement climatique. Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit characterized the devastation wrought by Irma and Maria as a sign of climate change and the threat it poses to the survival of his country, stating, "To deny climate change ... is to deny a truth we have just lived. Le 18 septembre au matin, les veilles et alertes sont étendues jusqu'à Porto Rico et il est fait mention que le NHC s'attend à ce que Maria devienne un ouragan majeur[25]. Le courant d'arrachement créé par Maria a causé trois noyades et demandé le sauvetage plusieurs autres nageurs le long de la côte du New Jersey la fin de semaine du 23 au 24 septembre, et ce malgré l'interdiction de la baignade[47]. Le secteur agricole de la Martinique a subi des pertes considérables : environ 70 % des cultures de bananes ont subi des dégâts de vent, presque tous les arbres furent abattus le long de la côte nord[73]. Le 26 septembre, le navire de l'hôpital USNS Comfort commença ses préparatifs pour le déploiement et devait prendre une semaine pour arriver à Porto Rico[125],[126]. Furthermore, they indicated 69 people were missing. La combinaison de l'onde de tempête et de vents violents fut responsable de dommages structurels et d'inondations dans tout l'archipel, en particulier de Pointe-à-Pitre, le long de la côte sud-ouest de l'île Grand-Terre, jusqu'à Petit-Bourg et la côte sud de l'île de Basse-Terre[77]. [264] Several representatives, both Democrats and Republicans, also voiced their concern over the choice to contract Whitefish instead of other companies. 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Le 12 avril 2018, l'Organisation météorologique mondiale retire le nom Maria de la liste officielle des cyclones. franceinfo. [127], The power grid was effectively destroyed by the hurricane, leaving millions without electricity. Style it with a satin slip skirt and sandals for a sunset-lit beachside dinner. The islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique endured widespread flooding, damaged roofs, and uprooted trees. Throughout Saint Patrick Parish, the extreme winds ripped through roofs and scorched the vegetation. [92], The storm made landfall on Puerto Rico on Wednesday, September 20, near the Yabucoa municipality at 10:15 UTC (6:15 a.m. local time) as a high-end Category 4 hurricane with winds of 155 mph (250 km/h). Les six députés de l’Assemblée nationale ont pu quitter Haïti . [140] The island's highways and bridges remained heavily damaged nearly a month later. [79] Settlements in Saint David Parish, such as Castle Bruce, Good Hope and Grand Fond, had been practically eradicated; many homes hung off cliffs or decoupled from their foundations. Finalement, en soirée du 23 septembre, l'ouragan s'étant éloigné des côtes des Bahamas, tous les avertissements furent annulés jusqu'à ce que Maria passe au large de la côte de la Caroline du Nord.